WHERE WAS YESHUA/JESUS, CRUCIFIED? 19.04.19
Tree of Life (TLV) Translation of the Bible. Copyright © 2015 by The Messianic Jewish Family Bible Society.
BIBLE HISTORY DAILY, “WHERE IS GOLGOTHA, WHERE JESUS WAS CRUCIFIED? DOES THE CHURCH OF THE REDEEMER HOLD THE ANSWER?” BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY STAFF • 01/05/2017, ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED, 2016; HTTP://WWW.BIBLICALARCHAEOLOGY.ORG/DAILY/BIBLICAL-SITES-PLACES/JERUSALEM/WHERE-IS-GOLGOTHA-WHERE-JESUS-WAS-CRUCIFIED/
Derek Walker, “Mount Moriah And Golgotha,”
Chris Loudon, “The Garden Tomb And Golgotha”
There is disagreement amongst historians, Bible Scholars, theologians, and even denominations, regarding the actual location of Golgotha, regarding the location of Yeshua’s crucifixion. Mainstream choices of location include the Holy Sepulchre, the Church built (began as a pagan temple, then was constructed/reconstructed multiple times over the centuries) within the walls of the Old City, and the Garden Tomb, just outside the Old City walls, where there is a natural appearance of a skull on the side of the surrounding rock-faced walls, known commonly as “the place of the skull.”
The dispute is not whether it was “Golgotha” for the Scriptures clearly indicate that it was Golgotha. The uncertainty lies in differing boundaries of what might have been Golgotha at that time: “Then they took Yeshua. He went out, carrying His own crossbar, to the Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha” (John 19:17). One interpretation is that because it was stated that Golgotha was outside the Old City and the the place where the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was built is within the City Walls; therefore, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre would be disqualified. However, the City Walls as identified today are not the same as the City Walls of that time. While Scripture identifies that “the place where Yeshua was executed was near the city” (John 19:21), (https://youtu.be/-7fHnnqre1o ), it is now within the city of Jerusalem; but the boundaries have been altered since those early times.
There is considerable merit to the interpretation that Golgotha was the area just outside the City Wall, on the north side, called the Garden Tomb, also known as the place of the skull, or “Skull Hill,” for it is the area where there is the natural formation of a skull on the face of the rocks. It makes total sense, because (for anyone who has been there and seen it), there is something supernatural about this face/skull on the side of the rock face. And when they came to a place called Golgotha (that is to say, Place of a Skull). . .” (Matt.27:33).
Derek Walker, in his documentary (“Golgotha and the Garden Tomb,” July 16, 2013, https://youtu.be/qLoMnie7Nj0; also “Mount Moriah and Golgotha,” https://youtu.be/-4mQKeAklwc ) explains how this location ties in with Old Testament prophecy when Abraham journeyed up Mount Moriah: “Take your son, your only son whom you love—Isaac—and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains about which I will tell you” (Gen.22:2). It was this same mountain where Yahweh called Abraham to sacrifice his only son that Yahweh Himself would later sacrifice his only son, a picture of our redemption to come. The “Documentary (the continuation of Mount Moriah and Golgotha) reconstructs the events surrounding Christ’s death, burial and resurrection and shows how the Garden Tomb satisfies all the Biblical requirements to be the actual place.” He also makes a strong case for how the description corresponds with the location referred to where Joseph of Arimathea had purchased a tomb for the burial of Messiah. “Now in the place where He was executed, there was a garden. In the garden was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. Because it was the Jewish Day of Preparation and the tomb was nearby, they laid Yeshuathere” (John 19:41,42). “Excavations of this area indicate that this area would have been a garden. . . . .” states Derek Walker (https://youtu.be/qLoMnie7Nj0); it fits several criteria.
“In the fourth century C.E., the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was built at the site of Golgotha as identified by Roman emperor Constantine’s mother, Helena. However, scholars began to question this identification in the 19th century, since the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is inside the city walls of the present-day Old City of Jerusalem. Golgotha would have to have been located outside the city in accordance with Roman and Jewish customs of the time. The Gospels, too, seem to suggest that Jesus was crucified outside ofthe city (Mark 15:20; Matthew 27:31ff; John 19:17ff). So where is Golgotha located? . . . . .. It’s important to note that the current Old City walls are not the ones from Jesus’ time. . . . .” (http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/jerusalem/where-is-golgotha-where-jesus-was-crucified/). From here, the author goes on to indicate that the determination of the location underwent successive redefinition with each ongoing excavation that brought forth varying evidence.
Wikipedia substantiates that “The traditional location of Calvary is not universally accepted. In 1842, heavily relying on the research of Edward Robinson, a German theologian and biblical scholar from Dresden named Otto Thenius was the first to publish a proposal that the rocky knoll north of Damascus Gate was the biblical Golgotha.In 1882–83, Major-General Charles George Gordon endorsed this view, and subsequently the site has sometimes been known as Gordon’s Calvary. The location, usually referred to today as Skull Hill, is beneath a cliff which contains two large sunken holes, which Gordon regarded as resembling the eyes of a skull; he and a few others before him believed that the skull-like appearance would have caused the location to be known as Golgotha” (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvary ).
Paul Begley gives us some other reasons to believe that the Garden Tomb is the more likely location (https://youtu.be/dG2ntb6Ik6E), because this was the location where David buried Goliath’s head after his feat, “Goliath of Gath”. He believes this to have been the fulfillment of Gen.3:15, “I will put animosity between you and the woman – between your seed and her seed He will crush your head, and you will crush his heel.” Begley’s video is enjoyable and informative, whether or not anyone is convinced of his argument.
The writer of Hebrews substantiates this as the location, since “to make the people holy through His own blood, Yeshua also suffered outside the gate” (Heb.13:12). At that time, this location was just outside the gate. It still is outside the Old City Gate, but within Jerusalem.
Because of the appearance of the skull and a strong manifestation of the Holy Spirit each of the three occasions I have visited that location, I personally have no doubt in my own heart and mind that this is the location; of course, this will not settle the ongoing dispute for the rest of the uncertain world. For anyone who has not yet visited, I highly encourage all to visit this amazing site. Quiet, serene, less commercial (than the alternate site), there is an entirely different spirit in this area.
© 2017, revised 2018, 2019 by Verna Crowther. All rights reserved.
TODAY’S TOPIC IS INTENDED ONLY AS A POINT OF INTEREST, AND IS IN NO WAY INTENDED TO INCITE CONTROVERSY, CHALLENGE, NOR TO PROVE OR DISPROVE ANY THEORY, BELIEF OR PURPORTED FINDING.