TORAH/TANAKH, A MESSIANIC PERSPECTIVE, 14.06.18
Lk.4:14-22,31,32 Isaiah 61:1,2 2 Tim.3:16 2 Pet.1:21
Matt.13:57 Mal.3:6 Num.23:19 Heb.13:8
Deut.4:2 Deut.12:32 Rev.22:18,19
Complete Jewish Bible (CJB), Copyright © 1998 by David H. Stern. All rights reserved.
Yosef Rachamim (“Rami”) Danieli, “Capture The Moment With Guest Rami Danieli From Israel,” https://youtu.be/wyx9gYJ5pmw?list=PLFExJF2KBSH0z6tCqEMBR9imlxExXmDaJ
After Yeshua had been baptized in the River Jordan by John the Baptist, followed by a time of testing in the desert, His Ministry began. “Yeshua returned to the Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and reports about him spread throughout the countryside. He taught in their synagogues, and everyone respected him” (Lk.4:14,15).
Yeshua would have been teaching out of the Torah, and Tanakh (Jewish Bible) from Jewish scrolls, not likely from a single book format, but from a collection of scrolls, including Isaiah and the prophets. “Because the Tanakh is a collection of many different writings by many different authors over a long period of time, scholars have found it impossible to ascertain exactly when it was composed or even when it came into existence in its current form. Historians do know, however, that the Torah was the first section of the Tanakh to have been considered sacred scripture. It was often recorded on five different scrolls, but was long considered a single and complete work. Historians argue that it was canonized as scripture before the Jews returned to Jerusalem after the Babylonian Exile (587 – 538 BCE)” (http://www.faithology.com/texts/tanakh). The Jewish Bible,Tanakh, includes the books of the law (Torah), the Nevi’im (books of the prophets), and the Ketuvim (the writings – minor prophets, such as Nahum, Micah).
It is an error, therefore, to interpret, that Yeshua somehow discounted any portion of Jewish law. What is considered by some to be outdated Old Testament teaching is a misunderstanding that has led many astray, especially when it comes to understanding that the instructions for holy living still apply. If Jesus/Yeshua lived by Torah, and taught from it, and Paul’s teachings were based on Torah, then it is still relevant today. “All Scripture is God-breathed and is valuable for teaching the truth, convicting of sin, correcting faults and training in right living”(2 Tim.3:16); “for never has a prophecy come as a result of human willing — on the contrary, people moved by the Ruach HaKodesh/Holy Spirit spoke a message from God” (2 Pet.1:21); and Paul and Peter did not have the NT; they were speaking of the Torah/Tanakh Scriptures – so all the teachings were coming from the original commandments and teachings from God, via Moses, and all the early prophets. “Now when he went to Natzeret, where he had been brought up, on Shabbat he went to the synagogue as usual. He stood up to read” (Lk.4:16).
As Yosef Rachamim (“Rami”) Danieli, a native born Israeli Jew, a Messianic believer in Yeshua explains, the idea of a division between Old Testament/New Testament is a misnomer. The books of the Bible were never intended to be separated in such a way. “What we call New Testament books, were not available to the first church. . . .. . So what did they base their teachings on? The Torah, the Prophets, the Writings, what we call the “Old Testament,” – mistakenly, by the way . . . the first body of Messiah was entirely Jewish. .. disciples were Jews . . .. .” (from interview with Rami Danieli, https://youtu.be/wyx9gYJ5pmw?list=PLFExJF2KBSH0z6tCqEMBR9imlxExXmDaJ ).
When asked if Yeshua broke Torah, Danieli’s response is: “No. He couldn’t. How could He? He had to be without spot or blame, without blemish. And the Torah is the perfect expression of Who God is, that’s why we are not able to keep it to the fullest, to 100% . . . . we would be God. As long as we are in the flesh we can not . . .. it doesn’t mean we should not try to do it; but Yeshua for sure kept all of it . . . . . we need to keep Torah as Yeshua kept it” (“Capture The Moment With Guest Rami Danieli From Israel”). For an improved understanding on this topic, as well as other aspects of the Messianic approach, I recommend readers to watch all of the youtube video quoted. (For more teachings by Rami Danieli, refer to http://www.touryourroots.com/Who_We_Are.html ; also visit my playlist @ https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLFExJF2KBSH0z6tCqEMBR9imlxExXmDaJ ).
“And he was given the scroll of the prophet Yesha‘yahu (Isaiah). Unrolling the scroll, he found the place where it was written” (Lk.4:17): “The Spirit of Adonai Elohim is upon me, because Adonai has anointed me to announce good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted; to proclaim freedom to the captives, to let out into light those bound in the dark; to proclaim the year of the favour of Adonai and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn” (Isa.61:1,2). Jesus/Yeshua was, in effect, proclaiming that He had been sent to fulfill this prophecy from Isaiah, to bring salvation and redemption to humankind, to minister to the downtrodden, the hurting and broken, bringing healing and deliverance of every form. He was confirming the Word of God, written long before His time, affirming its revelation of Himself.
“After closing the scroll and returning it to the attendant, he sat down; and the eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fixed on him. He started to speak to them: “Today, as you heard it read, this passage of the Tanakh was fulfilled!”(Lk.4:20,21), He declared, opening the door for revelation to those present, for this was a prophecy which clearly pointed to the coming Messiah. It was after this that His official ministry went into motion, even though He was rejected in His own home town of Nazareth: “Everyone was speaking well of him and marvelling that such appealing words were coming from his mouth. They were even asking, “Can this be Yosef’s son?”(Lk.4:22), in disbelief that one of their own could be making such a declaration. As stated in Matt.13:57, “And they took offense at him. But Yeshua said to them, “The only place people don’t respect a prophet is in his home town and in his own house.” He had already anticipated their rejection of Him, and that would not deter Him.
“He went down to Capernaum, a town in the Galil, and made a practice of teaching them on Shabbat. They were amazed at the way he taught, because his word carried the ring of authority”(Lk.4:31,32). Jesus/Yeshua knew who He was and why He had come; thus, He spoke with authority; and He wants His people to speak in the authority He has given to His true followers/believers.
In-as-much as He taught the Scriptures from the Torah/Tanakh, He would want His disciples to do likewise, and not omit any component of His Word. It is, after all, His Word. By verifying a fulfillment of prophecy, Jesus/Yeshua was bringing a revelation of who He was; by identifying a significant prophecy which pointed to Himself, He was also affirming the ongoing validity of these Scriptures. Jesus/Yeshua quoted often from Torah Scriptures and the Prophets. God does not change (Mal.3:6; Num.23:19; Heb.13:8); His Word cannot be changed: “ye shall not add unto the word which I command ye, neither shall ye diminish anything from it” (Deut.4:2; 12:32; Rev.22:18,19).
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