YOM KIPPUR: ATONEMENT  30.09.17

Scriptures/References:

Lev. 23:26-32

26 Adonai spoke to Moses, saying: 27 “However, the tenth day of this seventh month is Yom Kippur, a holy convocation to you, so you are to afflict yourselves. You are to bring an offering made by fire to Adonai. 28 You are not to do any kind of work on that set day, for it is Yom Kippur, to make atonement for you before Adonai your God. 29 For anyone who does not deny himself on that day must be cut off from his people. 30 Anyone who does any kind of work on that day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You should do no kind of work. It is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It is to be a Shabbat of solemn rest for you, and you are to humble your souls. On the ninth day of the month in the evening—from evening until evening—you are to keep your Shabbat.”

Lev.16:29

James 4:10; 1 Pet.5:6

Tree of Life (TLV) Translation of the Bible. Copyright © 2015 by The Messianic Jewish Family Bible Society.

First Fruits of Zion, Yom Kippur, Portion Summary, http://torahclub.ffoz.org/torah-portions/festival-portions/yom-kippur/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=12&v=knw9X4qBs5k , Rabbi Greg Hershberg, Yom Kippur 2015 (5776) – 09/23/2015

David Jones, https://youtu.be/rgYtjZf3bdw   WWW.RuachOnline.com

Avinu Malkeinu, LYRICS,  http://hebrewsongs.com/?song=avinumalkeinu3

“Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר or יום הכיפורים), Also known as Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year for the Jews. Its central themes are atonement and repentance. Jews traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days (or sometimes “the Days of Awe”).” http://torahclub.ffoz.org/torah-portions/festival-portions/yom-kippur/

Yom Kippur is the day of atonement; it is sacred/holy, sacrificial, selfless, a time of repentance and remission of sins, which leads to a time of rejoicing – Sukkot.

It is permanent for the citizen and the foreigner (Lev.16:29). “If you’ve been blood-bought by Messiah, whether you know it or not, you are now tied in, you are part of the Commonwealth of Israel (Rom.11)” (Rabbi Greg Hershberg, https://youtu.be/knw9X4qBs5k ).  Part of afflicting yourself includes fasting (Lev. 23:32), which has been a Jewish tradition; but what is more important than afflicting one’s self, is that the heart is right/humbled before God. There is nothing wrong with tradition, if it’s being done in the right spirit; but the main goal should be to “Humble yourself in the sight of the Lord” (James 4:10; 1 Pet.5:6).

“God established times and places for us to meet with Him . . .  He wants us to meet with Him at these times . . .  God is telling us, ‘I want to be with you,’ so it’s time to put everything else aside and for us to focus on Him . . .  it’s a call to repentance; to surrender our lives to Him . . . to look at those areas that may be unsubmitted to Him” (David Jones,  https://youtu.be/rgYtjZf3bdw   WWW.RuachOnline.com ). Jones goes on to challenge us that although, we can do that daily, and we should do so every day, most of us do not. Therefore, we should not resist keeping the feasts when they are only for our benefit in the first place.  And, “Why do we say these things existed before Messiah came, and no longer need to be kept, when Scripture says it is permanent?  Although there is nothing we can do to secure atonement other than to surrender; however, “because He did the work, He has a way which He wants us to walk in . . .. . atonement is something that covers so that we can be reconciled  . . …    Yom Kippur was given not only for sin, but for uncleanness. All sin is unclean; but not all uncleanness is sin . . …  we can not come into His presence in a state of uncleanness; that is why there had to be a cleansing – the atonement” (David Jones,  https://youtu.be/rgYtjZf3bdw ,  WWW.RuachOnline.com ). Jones is a Messianic teacher, Senior Pastor of Ruach Life International Ministries.

“Stay focussed on Yeshua during Yom Kippur . . .  you are under the New Covenant  (Jer. 31)” (Rabbi Greg Hershberg, https://youtu.be/knw9X4qBs5k ).  There is much tradition and symbolism on Yom Kippur, such as wearing white to represent holiness, repentance. Although it is not wrong to wear white and follow tradition, it is not a Scriptural commandment. Another tradition, “The prayer Avinu Malkeinu (Our Father, Our King) is recited after the Amidah (the main prayer, said while standing) and before the Torah service. It is recited throughout the Ten Days of Repentance, from Rosh Hashanah through Yom Kippur, as well as on fast days.”

(http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/avinu-malkenu/ ). Avinu Malkeinu is a beautiful prayer:

AVINU MALKEINU (3)
Avinu malkeinu sh’ma kolenu

Avinu malkeinu chatanu l’faneycha

Avinu malkeinu chamol aleynu

Ve’al olaleynu vetapeinu

Avinu malkeinu

Kaleh dever

vecherev vera’av mealeynu

Avinu malkeinu

kaleh chol tsar

Umastin mealeynu

Avinu malkeinu

Avinu malkeinu

Kat’veinu besefer chayim tovim

Avinu malkeinu chadesh aleynu

Chadesh aleynu shanah tovah

Sh’ma kolenu

Sh’ma kolenu

Sh’ma kolenu

Avinu malkeinu

Avinu malkeinu

Chadesh aleynu shanah tovah

Avinu malkeinu

Sh’ma kolenu

Sh’ma kolenu

Sh’ma kolenu

Sh’ma kolenu

http://hebrewsongs.com/?song=avinumalkeinu3

OUR FATHER, OUR KING
Our father our king, hear our voice

Our father our king, we have sinned before you

Our father our king, Have compassion upon us

and upon our children

Our father our king

Bring an end to pestilence,

war, and famine around us

Our father our king,

Bring an end to all trouble

and oppression around us

Our father our king,

Our father our king,

Inscribe us in the book of (good) life

Our father our king, renew upon us

Renew upon us a good year

Hear our voice

Hear our voice

Hear our voice

Our father our king,

Our father our king,

Renew upon us a good year

Our father our king,

Hear our voice

Hear our voice

Hear our voice

Hear our voice

 

In summary, what is important to understand is that, even though the feasts originate under the Old Covenant, they have application today for all believers. First of all, those feasts are declared permanent; secondly, the feasts of the Lord all have parallels in the New Covenant. I encourage readers to listen to/watch/study the youtube videos cited for a more in-depth understanding of these parallels, as they are discussed in each of these teaching videos.

© 2017 by Verna Crowther. All rights reserved.

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